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Kinesin Superfamily Protein 3 (KIF3) Motor Transports Fodrin-Associating Vesicles Important for Neurite Building

Sen Takeda, Hiroto Yamazaki, Dae-Hyun Seog, Yoshimitsu Kanai, Sumio Terada and Nobutaka Hirokawa
The Journal of Cell Biology
Vol. 148, No. 6 (Mar. 20, 2000), pp. 1255-1265
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1619730
Page Count: 11
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Kinesin Superfamily Protein 3 (KIF3) Motor Transports Fodrin-Associating Vesicles Important for Neurite Building
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Abstract

Kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs) comprise several dozen molecular motor proteins. The KIF3 heterotrimer complex is one of the most abundantly and ubiquitously expressed KIFs in mammalian cells. To unveil the functions of KIF3, microinjection of function-blocking monovalent antibodies against KIF3 into cultured superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons was carried out. They significantly blocked fast axonal transport and brought about inhibition of neurite extension. A yeast two-hybrid binding assay revealed the association of fodrin with the KIF3 motor through KAP3. This was further confirmed by using vesicles collected from large bundles of axons (cauda equina), from which membranous vesicles could be prepared in pure preparations. Both immunoprecipitation and immunoelectron microscopy indicated the colocalization of fodrin and KIF3 on the same vesicles, the results reinforcing the evidence that the cargo of the KIF3 motor consists of fodrin-associating vesicles. In addition, pulse-labeling study implied partial comigration of both molecules as fast flow components. Taken together, the KIF3 motor is engaged in fast axonal transport that conveys membranous components important for neurite extension.

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