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Photocross-Linking of Nascent Chains to the STT3 Subunit of the Oligosaccharyltransferase Complex

IngMarie Nilsson, Daniel J. Kelleher, Yiwei Miao, Yuanlong Shao, Gert Kreibich, Reid Gilmore, Gunnar von Heijne and Arthur E. Johnson
The Journal of Cell Biology
Vol. 161, No. 4 (May 26, 2003), pp. 715-725
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1621599
Page Count: 11
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Photocross-Linking of Nascent Chains to the STT3 Subunit of the Oligosaccharyltransferase Complex
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Abstract

In eukaryotic cells, polypeptides are N glycosylated after passing through the membrane of the ER into the ER lumen. This modification is effected cotranslationally by the multimeric oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) enzyme. Here, we report the first cross-linking of an OST subunit to a nascent chain that is undergoing translocation through, or integration into, the ER membrane. A photoreactive probe was incorporated into a nascent chain using a modified Lys-tRNA and was positioned in a cryptic glycosylation site (-Q-K-T- instead of -N-K-T-) in the nascent chain. When translocation intermediates with nascent chains of increasing length were irradiated, nascent chain photocross-linking to translocon components, Sec61α and TRAM, was replaced by efficient photocross-linking solely to a protein identified by immunoprecipitation as the STT3 subunit of the OST. No cross-linking was observed in the absence of a cryptic sequence or in the presence of a competitive peptide substrate of the OST. As no significant nascent chain photocross-linking to other OST subunits was detected in these fully assembled translocation and integration intermediates, our results strongly indicate that the nascent chain portion of the OST active site is located in STT3.

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