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Sex Differences in Mathematical Ability: Fact or Artifact?

Camilla Persson Benbow and Julian C. Stanley
Science
New Series, Vol. 210, No. 4475 (Dec. 12, 1980), pp. 1262-1264
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1684489
Page Count: 3
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Sex Differences in Mathematical Ability: Fact or Artifact?
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Abstract

A substantial sex difference in mathematical reasoning ability (score on the mathematics test of the Scholastic Aptitude Test) in favor of boys was found in a study of 9927 intellectually gifted junior high school students. Our data contradict the hypothesis that differential course-taking accounts for observed sex differences in mathematical ability, but support the hypothesis that these differences are some-what increased by environmental influences.

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