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Chance and Consensus in Peer Review
Stephen Cole, Jonathan R. Cole and Gary A. Simon
New Series, Vol. 214, No. 4523 (Nov. 20, 1981), pp. 881-886
Published by: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1686309
Page Count: 6
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An experiment in which 150 proposals submitted to the National Science Foundation were evaluated independently by a new set of reviewers indicates that getting a research grant depends to a significant extent on chance. The degree of disagreement within the population of eligible reviewers is such that whether or not a proposal is funded depends in a large proportion of cases upon which reviewers happen to be selected for it. No evidence of systematic bias in the selection of NSF reviewers was found.
Science © 1981 American Association for the Advancement of Science