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A Cost Adjustment Heuristic for Dynamic Lot-Sizing with Uncertain Demand Timing
Christopher H. Nevison
Vol. 33, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1985), pp. 1342-1352
Published by: INFORMS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/170641
Page Count: 11
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Heuristics, Cost efficiency, Capital costs, Optimal solutions, Cost allocation, Production costs, Carrying costs, Economic costs, Probability distributions, Algorithms
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We define a new heuristic, based on the adjustment of set-up costs, for the dynamic lot-sizing problem when demand timing is uncertain. Using a range of simulated problems, we compare the performance of this cost adjustment heuristic with that of a safety lead time heuristic, Zangwill's deterministic algorithm, which ignores uncertainty, and the optimal solution. Results show that the safety lead time heuristic works well for problems with high shortage costs and high probability of early demands, but poorly in other circumstances. The cost adjustment heuristic is quite robust, generally exceeds the performance of the safety lead time approach, and is relatively insensitive to variations in uncertainty.
Operations Research © 1985 INFORMS