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Dynamic Game Results of the Acquisition of New Technology

Cheryl Gaimon
Operations Research
Vol. 37, No. 3 (May - Jun., 1989), pp. 410-425
Published by: INFORMS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/171061
Page Count: 16
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Dynamic Game Results of the Acquisition of New Technology
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Abstract

Open and closed-loop Nash strategies are derived and analyzed for a differential game in which two competing firms choose prices and productive capacity where new technology reduces a firm's unit operating cost. Using an open-loop strategy, a firm makes an irreversible commitment to a future course of action. For example, a contract with a labor union may force a firm to commit to maintaining its entire workforce regardless of its competitor's future realized behavior. In contrast, using a closed-loop strategy, a firm's decisions evolve over time, continuously responding to the competitor's behavior. The dynamic Nash strategies obtained for the closed-loop model exhibit a more restricted acquisition of new technology and a greater reduction of existing capacity relative to the open-loop solutions. In addition, the dynamic Nash price to be charged for output is higher in the closed as opposed to open-loop competitive environment. Numerical solutions are presented to demonstrate that if both firms apply the closed-loop approach, each will earn higher profits than if one or both firms choose an open-loop strategy.

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