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Looking Locally at China's One-Child Policy

Susan E. Short and Zhai Fengying
Studies in Family Planning
Vol. 29, No. 4 (Dec., 1998), pp. 373-387
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/172250
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/172250
Page Count: 15
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Looking Locally at China's One-Child Policy
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Abstract

Of all the reforms and policies set in motion in the early 1980s in China, the one-child policy has been called the most far-reaching in its implications for China's population and economic development. Almost two decades later, little is known about what the policy looks like across local neighborhoods and villages. To sketch a more general picture of the one-child policy, this article presents panel data from three waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1989, 1991, and 1993) collected in 167 communities in eight provinces. Local policy, including policy strength and policy incentives and disincentives, is detailed separately for urban and rural areas. These data confirm that no single one-child policy exists; policy varied considerably from place to place and within individual communities during the 1989-93 period.

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