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The Changing Character of Moroccan Reformism, 1921-1934

John P. Halstead
The Journal of African History
Vol. 5, No. 3 (1964), pp. 435-447
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/179977
Page Count: 13
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The Changing Character of Moroccan Reformism, 1921-1934
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Abstract

Moroccan nationalism began as a religious or cultural reformist movement based on Salafiya, a form of religious fundamentalism which arose in late nineteenth-century Egypt as an effort to restore the original purity of Islam and the independence of the Muslim peoples. The Moroccan movement was first expressed in the 1920's by the foundation of the 'free schools' and the formation of secret discussion societies, neither of which represented more than a small, concerned elite and whose organization was rudimentary in the extreme. By 1934, it was transformed by events and hard experience into an essentially political and social reform movement which, while not yet a mass party, had become 'national' to the extent that it could demonstrate the support of important segments of Moroccan society and which had created a skeletal structure which the post-war movement would flesh out. The article represents part of the research for a book on the origins and rise of Moroccan nationalism, 1921-43.

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