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Fiscal versus Traditional Market Variables in Canadian Migration

R. Paul Shaw
Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 94, No. 3, Part 1 (Jun., 1986), pp. 648-666
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1833053
Page Count: 19
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Fiscal versus Traditional Market Variables in Canadian Migration
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Abstract

This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the influence of "traditional" market variables on migration in Canada has diminished over time. This is attributed to a crowding-out process whereby growth of social security--type programs has cushioned the effects of, say, unemployment and thus motivation to migrate for jobs, and fiscal policies have exerted unintended effects. Implications are that market forces that would work naturally to induce migration from low-to high-income regions (and thus equalize earned incomes) have been short-circuited and that traditional tools of manpower policy for influencing migration, such as job creation, skill enhancement, or wages, are less effective currently than they might have been in the past.

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