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Robert Le Bougre and the Beginnings of the Inquisition in Northern France

Charles H. Haskins
The American Historical Review
Vol. 7, No. 4 (Jul., 1902), pp. 631-652
DOI: 10.2307/1834561
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1834561
Page Count: 22
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Notes and References

This item contains 134 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Letter of June 7, 1235 to the provost of St. Martin's at Ypres, with vidimus of the Archbishop of Rheims, Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 99.
    • bull of December 5, I235, in Auvray, 2854
  • 2
    This reference contains 14 citations:
    • Bull Dudum ad aliquorum murmur
    • Friars Preach- ers in France, August 21, 1235
    • Auvray, 2736
    • Potthast, 9993
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. Ioo
    • Bull Dudum, to Friar Robert, August 23
    • Auvray 2735
    • Potthast 9995
    • Fre- dericq. I. No. IO
    • MS. in the Otto- boni librarv at Rome, in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Collection Moreau, II93, f. 229
    • Bull Quo inter ceteras to the Archbishop of Sens, August 22
    • Auvray 2737
    • Potthast, 9994
    • Fredericq 1I. No. 28
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Annales Sancti Ifedar-di Suessionensis, M. G. H. SS. XXVI. 522
    • Fredericq, Corpus, II. No. 26.
    • Delisle (Histoire Littéraire de la France, XXXII. 235 ff.)
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Albericus, in M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 937
    • Fredericq, Corpus, II. No. 24.
  • 3
    This reference contains 15 citations:
    • Vv. 28887 ff. Albericus (l. c.)
    • Matthew Paris (Chron- ica Majora, III. 361
    • M. G. H. SS. XXVIII. 133
    • M. G. H. SS. XXVI. 215
    • H. F., XVIII. 559
    • Fredericq, Corpus, II. No. 25
    • Sigebert de Gembloux (M. G. H. SS. VI. 440)
    • Waitz, in M. G. H. SS. XXVI. 204
    • H. F., XXI. 166
    • M. G. H. SS. XXV. 455
    • Gilles de Muisit (De Smedt, Corpus Chroni- corum Flandriae, II. 150
    • Jean d' Outremeuse (ed. Borgnet, V. 231
    • Dynter's Chronica
    • Fredericq (Corpus, I. No. 104
    • Dynter, ed. DeRam, I. 564, 625
  • 4
    Baudoin d' Avesnes, H. F. XXI. 166.
  • 1
    Livre de Jostice et Plet, 55.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • H. F. XXII. 55
    • Cagny, Histoire de l' Arrondissement de Péronne, II. 723
  • 3
    February 17, 1236.
  • 4
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Albericus, M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 937
    • Thomas of Cantimpre, Bonum Universale de Apibus, II. 57, No. 68
    • ed. Douai, 1627, p. 592
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. Nos. Io6, I07
  • 5
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • M. G. H. SS. XXIV. 30
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. Nos. 98, io6
    • Buzelinus, Gallo-Flandria (Douai, 1625), I. 256, 279.
    • Mousket is more general, vv. 28980-28987
    • Martène and Durand, Thesaurus, III. 1427
    • M. G. H. SS. IV. 26
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 94
    • Reg. A. A. 85, f. 17v
  • 1
    Mousket, v. 28987.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Nord, arr. Lille.
    • Frederichs, 19.
  • 4
    Mousket, vv. 28988-29005.
  • 5
    Matthew Paris, l. c.
  • 6
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Bull of October 6 to the archbishops and bishops of France
    • Potthast, I0460
    • Canticles, ii. 15
    • Lea, I. 78
  • 7
    "Annals of La Trinité de Vendôme" in the English Historical Review, XIII. 698.
  • 8
    H. F. XXI. 252 D.
  • 9
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronica Majora, III. 520
    • M. G H. SS., XXVIII. 146
  • 10
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gesta Abbatum Autissiodorensium, in Labbe, Nova Bibliotheca Manuscriptorum, I. 581.
    • Gallia Christiana, XII. 387.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Fredericq, Corpus, II. No 29.
    • Proville, Histoire du couvent des Domini- cains d' Arras
    • (Bibliotheque Nationale, MS. fr. 11620), 387, 683
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Letter patent of Asson, bishop of Arras, April, 1 244 (or possibly I245, since Easter in 1245 fell on April 16)
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 121
    • Jeanroy et Guy, Chansons et Dits Artésiens du XIIIe Siècle (Bordeaux, 1898), 80, 121, I32
    • Guesnon in the Bulletin Historique et Philologique for I898, 192
    • Moyen Age, new series, IV. 31.
  • 3
    This reference contains 17 citations:
    • Lon- gnon, Dictionnaire Topographique de la Marne, 171
    • Histoire Littéraire, XVIII. 249
    • Schmidt, Histoire des Cathares, I. 33, 41.
    • auto dei fe of 1239
    • Dominican Étienne de Bourbon, in his Anecdotes Historiques, ed. Lecoy de la Marche, 150, 415
    • M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 944-945
    • H. F. XXI. 623
    • Dominican annals of Erfurt (Monumenta Erphurtensia, ed. Holder-Egger, 96, 235
    • Böhmer, Fontes Rerum Germanicarum, II. 400
    • M. G. H. SS. XVI. 33
    • Jean de S. Victor, in his Memoriale Historiarum
    • Bibliothdque Nationale, MS. Lat. 14626, f. 339 v.
    • Quétif and Echard, Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum, I. 190
    • Geoffroy de Courlon, Chronique de l' Abbaye de S. Pierre-le- Vif de Sens, ed. Julliot (Sens, 1876), 518
    • H. F., XXII. 3
    • Reg. Christ. 455 and 480
    • The Vatican MS. Reg. Chr. 480, f. 117
  • 4
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Archives du Pas-de-Calais, A. xo5
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 121
    • Bourquelot, Les Foires de Champagne, I. 81
  • 1
    Lea, I. 96
  • 2
    Bourquelot in his Histoire de Provins (I. 183)
  • 3
    Langlois, in the Histoire de France of Lavisse, III. 2, 73.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Albericus in M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 944.
    • Maxima Bibliotheca Patrum, XXV. 555.
  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Chronica Majora, ed. Luard, III. 520
    • M. G. H. SS. XXVIII. 147.
    • Ib., V. 247
    • XXVIII. 326.
    • the Historia Anglorum, ed. Madden, II. 415
    • M. G. H. SS. XXVIII. 411.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Richer de Senones, Chronicon in M. G. H. SS. XXV. 307-308
    • Wattenbach, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen6, II. 399.
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum of Quétif and Echard (II. 543)
    • Proville, His- toire du Couvent des Dominicains d' Arras
    • Biblioth6que Nationale, MS. Fr. I I620, pp. 420 ff.
    • Chapotin, Histoire des Dominicains de la Province de France, 224.
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Abbreviatio Chronicorum Angliae, in Madden's edition of the Historia Anglorum, III. 278
    • M. G. H. SS. XXVIII. 448.
    • the acta of the general chapters of 1238 and 1240
    • Acta Capitulorum Generalium Ordinis Praedicatorum, ed. Reichert, I. 10, 16
    • Potthast, Io089.
  • 1
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Gerardus de Fracheto, Vitae Fratrum Ordinis Praedicatorum, ed. Reichert (Rome and Stuttgart, 1897), 292.
    • the introduction, xvi., and pp. 4 and 5
    • Echard (II. 543)
    • Bremond, in his notes to Ripoll (Bullarium Eratrum Praedicatorum, I. 81)
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. p. 111
    • Proville (l. c.)
    • Danzas (Études sur les Temps Primitifs de l' Ordre de S. Dominique, IV. 470 ff.)
    • Chapotin (l. c. 224)
    • Robert "hominem ab ordine extorrem, nec iam ex ordine memorandum"
    • Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum, II. 543
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Douais, Documents pour servir à l' Histoire de l' Inquisition en Languedoc, xiv.
    • Potthast, I 1993
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • History of the Inquisition, II. 116
    • Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary, 53, note.
  • 4
    Tribunaux de l' Inquisition, 116.
  • 5
    Robert le Bougre, 27, 32.
  • 6
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Annals of St. Médard of Soissons, M. G. H. SS. XXVI. 522.
    • Lea's Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary, 52
    • Simon de Montfort, 12
    • Röhricht, Geschichte des Königreichs Jerusalem, 850
    • Bliss, Calendar of Papal Letters, I. 167
  • 1
    Arnoul d'Audenarde, June and August, I 242, in Inventaire ... des Archives de la Chambre des Comptes de Lille (Lille, 1865), I. 307, Nos. 740, 741.
  • 2
    Brièle et Coyecque, Les Archives de l' Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, 225, No. 466.
  • 3
    Pirenne, in the Biographie Nationale de Belgique, XV. 329.
  • 4
    Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 121.
  • 5
    Bull Constitutus of Urban IV., October 29, 1263, in Chapotin, 224.
  • 6
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Bull De- dum, in Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. I01
    • Potthast, 9995
    • Auvray, 2735.
    • Henner, B iträge zur Organisation und Competenz der päpst- lichen Ketzergerichte, 138 ff.
  • 7
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • Auvray, 2825
    • Potthast, I0044
    • Auvray, 2221
    • Potthast, 9772
    • bull of March I 1, I236, Au- vray, 3006
    • Potthast, 10114
    • Proville, Histoire du couvent des Dominicoins d'Arras, Bibliotheque Nationale MS. Fr. I i620, pp. 387, 683
    • Chapotin, Histoire des Dominicains de la Province de Fran e, 179
  • 1
    Albericus in M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 937.
  • 2
    Mousket, vv. 28915, 28958-28961.
  • 3
    M. G. H. SS., XXIV., 30.
  • 4
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Étienne de Bourbon, Anecdotes Historiques, 150
    • Albericus in M. G. H. SS. XXIII., 944
    • Mousket, vv. 30535, 30536.
    • Auvray 2825
    • Potthast 10044
    • Lea, Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary, XXXV., 1
    • Arras (Fredericq, Corpus I., 121
    • Lea, XXXV., 2
    • Potthast, 10114
    • Auvray, 3006
  • 5
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Mousket, v. 28885
    • Étienne de Bourbon, 415.
    • Albericus in M. G. H. SS. XXIII., 945.
  • 6
    M. G. H. SS., XXVI. 522.
  • 7
    Fredericq, Geschiedenis, I. Ch. 6.
  • 1
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • Bulls Dudum ad aliquorum murmur and Quo inter ce/eras of 1235.
    • Auvray 2735-2737
    • Potthast, 9993-9995
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. 100, 101, II. 28.
    • Fredericq, Geschiedenis, I. 68-71.
    • Varin, Archives Administratives de Reims, I. 675
    • Potthast, I2062
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Mansi, XXIII. 497
    • Hefele-Knöpfler, V. 1083.
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 115
    • Hinschius, Kirchenrecht, V. 449, note 4.
  • 3
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Concilium Parisiense, I248, C. 20
    • Concilium Pruvinense, I251.
    • Mansi, XXIII. 768, 793
    • Hefele-Knöpfler, V. 1151
    • VI. 45.
  • 4
    Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 158 (undated, but evidently of the thirteenth century)
  • 5
    Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 99 (1235).
  • 6
    Lea, Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary, XXXVII. 2.
  • 7
    The case of Michel de Cerizy, Auvray, 2854.
  • 8
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Fredericq, Corpus, I. Nos. 125, 126, 133
    • Geschiedenis, I. 84.
  • 9
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Chartularium Universitatis Pani- sensis, I. No. 128
    • in 1247, ibid. No. 176
    • 1270, ibid. No. 432
    • 1277, ibid. No. 473.
    • Mandonnet, Siger de Brabant.
  • 10
    Chartularium I., No. 176.
  • 1
    Lea, II. 135 ff.
  • 2
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Sbaralea, Bullarium Francis- canum, I. 177
    • Auvray, 2825
    • Potthast, 10044
    • Petronilla (Auvray, 3I06)
    • Chapotin, Histoire des Dominicains de la Province de France, 224
    • Lea, Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary, XXXVIII. 2
    • Archives du Pas-de-Calais, A. 105
    • Fredericq, Cor]pus, I. No. 121
    • M. G. H. SS. XXV. 307
    • Auvray, 2854
  • 3
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • Lea, I. 399 ff.
    • Tanon, 326 ff.
    • Hinschius, V. 481 ff.
    • Moyen Age, second series, III. 305-325
    • Raymundiana (Monumenta Ordinis Praedicatorum, VI.), II. 41, 73.
    • Molinier, L' Inquisition dans le Midi de la France, 273-451
    • Douais in his Documents pour servir à l' Histoire de l' Inquisition dans le Languedoc.
  • 4
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Tanon, 329
    • Hinschius, 458
    • note 3, 481
    • Martène and Durand, Thesaurus, V. 1810
    • Nouvelle Revue Historique de Droit, for 1883, 671.
  • 1
    Bull Gaudemus, Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. go.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lea, Formulary, XXXV. 1
    • MS. Tours 594, f. 29 v., No. I41.
  • 3
    Albericus in M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 945.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Potthast, Ioo44
    • Auvray, 2825
  • 5
    Auvray, 3IO6.
  • 6
    This reference contains 9 citations:
    • Bull Zidebrandiscus of March II, 1236
    • Sbaralea, Bullarium Francis- canum, I. 188
    • Raymundiana, II. 49
    • Potthast, 10114
    • Auvray, 30o6
    • Raymundiana, II. 27
    • Auvray, 2221
    • Potthast, 9772.
    • Auvray, 2842, 2843, 2857, 2764.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lea, Formulary, XXXVIII. 2.
    • MS. Touirs 594, f. 30 v., No. 148.
  • 2
    Bull Constitutus, in Chapotin, 224.
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Tanon, 340
    • Henner, Ketzergerichte, 292.
    • Le- beuf, Mémoires concernant l' Histoire ... d'Auxerre (ed. Challe et Quantin), I. 411.
  • 4
    Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. I21.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Étienne de Bourbon, Anecdotes Historiques, 149
    • Albericus, in M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 945.
  • 7
    Auvray, 3I06.
  • 1
    M. G. H. SS., XXV. 307.
  • 2
    Ibid., XXVIII. 147, 326.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Tanon, 435
    • Hinschius, V. 467.
  • 4
    Lea, Formulary, XXXVIII. 2.
  • 5
    Auvray, 3I06.
  • 6
    Potthast, I0044.
  • 7
    This reference contains 12 citations:
    • Ficker, Die gesetzliche Einführung der Todes- strafe für Ketzerei
    • Mittheilungen des Instituts für Oesterreichische Geschichtsfor- schung, I. 177-226, 430
    • Havet, L' Hérésie et le Bras Séculier au Moyen-Âge
    • Bibliothèque de l' École des Chartes, XLI. 488-517, 570-607
    • Œuvres, II. 117-180
    • Lea (I. 222)
    • Fredericq (Geschiedenis, I. chs. 7-9)
    • Hinschius (Kirchenrecht, V. 379)
    • Hansen (Zauberwahn, Inquisition und Hexenprozess, 220 ff.)
    • Tanon, 441 ff.
    • Viollet, Établissements de S. Louis, I. 253
    • Guilhermioz in the Bibliothèque de l' École des Chartes, LV. 383.
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Hauréau, Notices et Extraits de quelques Manuscrits, VI. 241
    • Strange, I. 298
    • Guillaume le Breton (Philippéide, I. 418 ff.)
    • Jean de Garlande, De Triumphis Ecclesiae, ed. Wright, 79
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Lea, I., ch. 12
    • Tanon, 479 ff.
    • Lea, Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary, 50-60
    • Douais in the Moyen Age, second series, III. 305-325.
  • 3
    bull of Gregory IX. to the Abbot of La Cava, March 4, 1231, Auvray, 562.
  • 4
    This reference contains 11 citations:
    • The undated bull of Gregory IX. to this effect which was inserted in the canon law (c. I. in Sexto, V. 2)
    • Auvray, 933
    • Rodenberg, Epistolae, I. No. 485
    • Archbishop of Bremen, November 12, 1232
    • Potthast, 9042
    • Archbishop of Salz- burg, November 22, 1232
    • Winkelmann, Acta Imperii Inedita, I. 504
    • Potthast, 9046
    • MS. Doat XXXI. I9
    • Potthast, ?356
    • Hinschius, Kirchenrecht, V. 61, note 1
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • M. G. H. SS. VI. 440
    • XXVI. 215.
  • 2
    Ib., XXVI. 522.
  • 3
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Ib., XXVIII. 133.
    • Tribunaux de l' Inquisition, 117
    • Histoire des Justices des Anciennes Églises ... de Paris, 29-33
    • Lea, Formulary, XVI.
  • 4
    Mousket, vv. 28986, 29006.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ib., 28966
    • Albericus, in M. G. H. SS. XXIII. 937.
  • 6
    Mousket, 28964, 28984, 28985.
  • 7
    Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. go.
  • 8
    Mousket, vV. 29002, 29003.
  • 9
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Lea, Formulary, XXXV. 2
    • MS. Tours 594, f. 29 v, No. 142.
    • Lea, XXXVII. 2
    • MS. Tours 594, f. 30, No. 146.
  • 10
    Bull Constitutus, in Chapotin, 224.
  • 1
    Fredericq, Corpus, I. No. 79.
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Lea, Formulary, XLI
    • MS. Tours 594, f. 3I, No. 151.
    • Fre- dericq, Corpus, 11. No. 21.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lea, Formulary, XL.
    • MS. Tours 594, f. 31, No. 150.
  • 4
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Lea, I. 481-483
    • Tanon, 519-523.
    • Douais, in the Revue des Questions Historiques for October, I88I, p. 411
    • Cabinet Historique, XI. 163
    • Bourel de la Ronciere, Rigestes d 'A4exandre IV, No. 817.
  • 5
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Lea, I. ch. xiii.
    • Tanon, 523 ff.
    • Hen- ner, Ketzergerichte, 232.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ordonnances des Rois, XII. 319
    • I. 50.
  • 7
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Livre de Jostice et Plet, 12
    • Établissements de Saint-Louis (ed. Viollet, II. 147, III. 50
    • Beaumanoir, ed. Salmon, § 833.
  • 8
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • Histoire de Languedoc, VIII. 1441
    • Ordonnan- ces des Rois I. 63.
    • Bull of Gregory IX. of 1238 cited in Tanon, 532
    • Innocent IV. in c. 14 in Sexto, V. 2.
    • Amiens, Bibliothèque de l' École des Chartes, XXVIII. 621
    • Livre de Jostice et Plet, 13
    • Beugnot, Olim, I. 579.
  • 1
    Livre Rouige de Saint- Vaast, f. 157 of the modern copy in the Archives du Pas-de-Calais at Arras (H. 2).
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • H. F. XXI. 237, 252.
    • the Annals of S. Médard, M. G. H. SS. XXVI. 522.
    • Bourel de la Roncière, Régestes d' Alexandre IV, 871
    • Auvray, 2854
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Douais, Documents, ccxv, ccxxvii.
    • Bona Petri Bermundi " Archives Nationales, J. 306,85, to be published in part in the fourth volume of the Layettes du Trisor des Chartes.
  • 4
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Wailly in the Bibliothèque de l' École des Chartes, XXXIII. 440, c. 32
    • Joinville, ed. de Wailly (I868), 265
    • Guillaume de S. Pathus (ed. Delaborde), 26.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Joinville, 19
    • Guillaume de S. Pathus, 25.
  • 6
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • the biographies of St. Louis and the royal accounts, passim
    • Danzas, Étu es sur les Temps Primitifs de l' Ordre de S. Dominique, III. 408 ff.
    • Chapotin, Dominicains de la Province de France, 494 ff.
  • 7
    Guillaume de Chartres, in H. F. XX. 33.
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Ordonnances des Rois, I. 50.
    • Philip VI. Ordonnances des Rois II. 41
    • Fredericq, Corpus, II. Nos. 20, 55
    • Geschiedenis, I. 112.
    • Langlois, Fortrulaires de Lettres, VI. 3, 14, Nos. x, 3I8.
  • 2
    Auvray, I 1 45.
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Mousket, vv. 2888I, 2888,:
    • Matthew Paris (Chronica Majora, III. 520
    • M. G. H. SS. XXVIII. 146)
  • 4
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Mousket, VV. 28912-289I4
    • Matthew Paris, Historia Anglorum, II. 388
    • Sbaralea, Bullarium Franciscanum, I. 178
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mousket, vv. 28899 ff.
    • Berger, Blanche de C stille, 295.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • M. G. H. SS. XXIV. 30
    • XXIII. 944.
  • 7
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • H. F. XXI. 262, 264, 268, 269, 273, 274, 276, 280, 281.
    • Bibliothèque de l' École des Chartes, XXVIII. 618.
  • 8
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • H. F. XXI. 262, 274
    • XXII. 570, 745
    • Bibliothèque de l' École des Chartes XXVIII. 621.
    • H. F. XXI. 227, 237
    • Tillemont, Histoire de S. Louis, II. 292
  • 9
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Bull Frae cunctis mentis of December 13, 1255, Potthast, 16132
    • Fredericq, Coo pus, I. No. 132.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Douais, Documents, xiii-xxii
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