Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

The Speech of Pope Urban II. At Clermont, 1095

Dana Carleton Munro
The American Historical Review
Vol. 11, No. 2 (Jan., 1906), pp. 231-242
DOI: 10.2307/1834642
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1834642
Page Count: 12
Subjects: History American Studies
Find more content in these subjects: History American Studies
  • Download PDF
  • Add to My Lists
  • Cite this Item
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.

Notes and References

This item contains 93 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Hagenmeyer, Chronologie, No. 9, in Revue de l'Orient Latin, VI. 222.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ekkehard, MGSS., VI. 213
    • Wilken, Kreuzzüge, I. 52.
  • 3
    Sybel, Geschichte des Ersten Kreuzzugs (2d ed.), 185
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Röhricht, in his Geschichte des Ersten Kreuzzuges, 20
    • Röhricht, ibid. 235-239.
  • 1
    Recueil des Historiens des Croisades, Historiens Occidentaux, III. 322-324.
  • 2
    Recueil, III. 727-730.
  • 3
    Ibid., IV. 12-15.
  • 4
    Ibid., IV. 137-140.
  • 5
    De Gestis Regum Anglorum, edited by Stubbs, Rolls Series, II. 393-398.
  • 8
    Ekkehard's Hierosolymita, p. 90. (Hereafter quoted as HE.)
  • 9
    Op. cit., p. 239.
  • 10
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • HE, p. 90
    • "Ohne Zweifel war er selbst auch auf dem Concil anwesend." In 1879, in Peter der Eremite, p. 72
    • Röhricht, op. cit.
    • Molinier, Les Sources de .l'Histoire de France, No. 2I23, says he was present.
  • 11
    HE, p. 90.
  • 12
    Molinier, Sources, No. 2123.
  • 13
    "Praecipit igitur mihi ut qui Clari Montis Concilio interfui," Recueil, III. 721.
  • 14
    Riant, Alexii Comneni Epistola ad Robertum Flandrensem, p. xli.
  • 15
    Molinier, Sources, No. 21i8.
  • 16
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Fulcher, bk. 1., ch. 2. Baldric, "quae ad fidem pertinebant praemissis," Recueil, IV. 12F.
    • William of Malmesbury's opening sentences, § 347.
    • Histoire Générale de Languedoc, ed. Privat, III. 480
  • 1
    Recueil, III. 729
  • 2
    Molinier, Sources, No. 2120.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • "Inter omnes autem in eodem concilio, nobis videntibus," in Recueil, IV. 15G.
    • "Solutum est concilium, et nos unus quisque properantes redivimus ad propria," ibid., 16D.
  • 4
    Weltgeschichte, VIII. 82.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Thurot, in Revue Historique, pp. 104-111
    • Recueil, IV. xv-xx.
  • 6
    Geschichte des Ersten Kreuzzugs (2d ed.), p. 33.
  • 7
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • HE, p. 89;
    • Peter der Eremite, p. 72.
  • 8
    p. cit., p. 235.
  • 9
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Preface, Recueil, IV. 121.
    • Bk. 11., ch. 5, ibid., 140.
  • 10
    Stubbs's preface to Vol. I., R. S., p. xliii.
  • 11
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • HE, p. 89
    • Röhricht, op. cit., p. 239.
  • 1
    R. S., II. 393
  • 2
    Ordericus Vitalis, Roger of Wendover, Breviarium passagii in Terram Sanctam.
  • 3
    Röhricht, op. cit., p. 239
  • 5
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Robert, "Haec et id genus plurima peroravit." Recueil, III. 729C.
    • Bal- dric, "His vel hujus modi aliis a domino," ibid., IV. 15G.
    • Guibert, "His ergo, etsi non verbis, tamen intentionibus usus est," ibid., 137E.
    • William of Malmes- bury, as cited in note 1, above.
  • 6
    note 16, p. 232.
  • 7
    Riant, Alexii Comneni Epistola ad Robertum Flandrensem; and in Hagenmeyer, Kreuzzugsbriefe, pp. 130-136.
  • 8
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • ibid., 10-42
    • Riant, op. cit., preface
    • "Inventaire critique des lettres historiques", in Archives de l'Orient Latin, I. 71-89
    • Chalandon, Règne d'Alexis Ier Comnène, pp. 325-336.
  • 9
    Inventaire, A. O. L., I. 74.
  • 10
    Alexis, p. 335.
  • 1
    Hagenmeyer, Kreuzzugsbriefe, pp. 10-24.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Fulcher, ch. 3
    • Recueil, III. 323.
    • Ibid., 324.
  • 2
    "Auxilio vestro jam saepe acclamato." Ibid., 323F.
  • 3
    Ibid., 727C-D.
  • 4
    Ibid., IV. 12-13.
  • 5
    Ibid., 135 C-D.
  • 6
    "Invaserunt enim eos, sicuti plerisque vestrum jam dictum est, usque mare Mediterraneum, ad illud scilicet quod dicunt Brachium Sancti Georgii, Turci, gens Persica, qui, apud Romaniae fines, terras Christianorum magis magisque occupando, lite bellica jam septuplicata victos superaverunt," pp. 323-324.
  • 7
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • "Gens regni Persarum . . . terras illorum Christianorum invaserit," p. 727D.
    • "Regnum Graecorum jam ab eis ita emutilatum est et suis usibus emancipatum quod transmeari non potest itinere duorum mensium," p. 728A.
  • 8
    "Nequam homines sanctas praeoccupavere civitates: Turci spurii et im- mundi nostris fratribus dominantur," p. 13B.
  • 9
    "Syriam, Armeniam, omnem postremo Asiam Minorem, cujus provinciae sunt Bithinia, Frigia, Galatia, Lidia, Caria, Pamphilia, Isauria, Licia, Cilicia, occupaverunt," p. 394.
  • 1
    "Multas occidendo vel captivando," p. 324A.
  • 3
    note 4, p. 236.
  • 5
    note 13, p. 240.
  • 6
    "Ecclesias subvertendo, regnum Dei vastando," p. 324A.
  • 7
    "Ecclesiasque Dei aut funditus everterit aut suorum ritui sacrorum manci- paverit," p. 727E.
  • 10
    note 10, p. 240.
  • 11
    "Qua de re supplici prece hortor, non ego, sed Dominus . . . vos, Christi praecones, . . . Praesentibus dico, absentibus mando, Christus autem imperat," P. 324A-B.
  • 12
    "Nisi Dominus Deus mentibus vestris affuisset, una omnium vestrum vox non fuisset," p. 729D.
  • 13
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • William, p. 396, ll. 15-16, "Praesentibus ex Dei nomine praecipio, absenti- bus mando," is evidently influenced by Fulcher.
    • note 11, above.
  • 14
    "Ut cunctis cujuslibet ordinis tam equitibus quam peditibus, tam divitibus quam pauperibus . . . suadeatis," p. 324A-B.
  • 15
    Robert, ch. 2, p. 729E.
  • 16
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Riant, Inventaire, A. O. L., I. 121
    • p. II5, note 8.
  • 1
    Histoire Générale de Languedoc (ed. Privat), III. 484.
  • 3
    "Quicumque, pro sola devotione, non pro honoris vel pecuniae adeptione, ad liberandam ecclesiam Dei Jerusalem profectus fuerit, iter illud pro omni poenitentia reputetur." Migne, Patr. Lat., CLXII. 717.
  • 4
    "Illam peccatorum remissionem, quam prefatus predecessor noster papa Urbanus instituit." Ottonis Fris. Gesta Fr., MGSS., XX. 371.
  • 5
    Riant, Inventaire, No. XLIX, A. O. L., I., p. 113 and p. 220.
  • 6
    Ibid., No. LVII.
  • 7
    "Cunctis autem illuc euntibus, si aut gradiendo aut transfretando, sive contra paganos dimicando, vitam morte praepeditam finierint, remissio pecca- torum praesens aderit," p. 324B.
  • 8
    "Arripite igitur viam hanc in remissionem peccatorum vestrorum," p. 729B.
  • 10
    "Ituri . . . omnium absolutionem criminum," p. 396.
  • 11
    Recueil, I. 42, ll. 11-16.
  • 12
    "Gens tam spreta, degener, et daemonum ancilla," p. 324C.
  • 13
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • "Gens prorsus a Deo aliena," p. 727D
    • "nefariae genti," p. 728F.
  • 14
    "Turci spurii et immundi," p. 13B.
  • 16
    Prutz, Kulturgeschichte der Kreuzzüge, p. 73
  • 17
    Hagenmeyer, Gesta Francorum, IX. 206-208.
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Fulcher, "contra infideles ad pugnam . . . dignam . . . qui abusive . . . contra fideles . . . consuescebant distendere," p. 324D.
    • Robert, p. 728F.
    • Baldric, p. 15A-B.
    • Guibert, "Indebita hactenus bella gessistis . . . Nunc vobis bella pro- ponimus quae in se habent gloriosum martyrii munus," etc., p. 138E.
    • William, espe- cially p. 396, ll. 25, 26, "illam fortudinem, prudentiam illam, quam in civili con- flictu habere consuestis, justiori effundentes, proelio."
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Fulcher, "aeterna praemia nanciscantur," p. 324D
    • Robert, "immarces- cibili gloria sequi coelorum," 729B
    • Baldric, "sanguine vestis purpurati, perenne bravium adipiscimini," p. 15C
    • Guibert, "gloriosum martyrii munus . . . aeternae laudis titulus," p. 138E.
    • William, "perpetuae salutis statio," p. 394, l. 11
    • p. 396, l. 22.
  • 3
    "Pro honore duplici laborent, qui ad detrimentum corporis et animae se fatigabant," p. 324D-E.
  • 4
    "Eamque vobis subjicite, terra illa . . . quae lacte et melle fluit," etc., p. 728F.
  • 5
    "Facultates etiam inimicorum vestrae erunt: quoniam et illorum thesauros expoliabitis," p. 15C.
  • 6
    p. 240, note 17
  • 8
    "Ituris autem mora non differat iter, sed propriis locatis, sumptibusque collectis . . . transitem acriter intrent," p. 324E.
  • 10
    "Non vos demulceant illecebrosa blandimenta mulierum nec rerum ves- trarum," p. 15E.
  • 12
    "Cessante bruma vernoque sequente," p. 324E.
  • 13
    Riant, Inventaire, A. O. L., I. 114, 220.
  • 4
    prologue and Historia, passim.
  • 5
    note p. 324C, "gentem omnipotentes Dei fide praeditam, et Christi nomine fulgidam."
  • 6
    Bk. ii., ch. i.
  • 8
    Ch. 2 at the beginning, and p. 728C.
  • 11
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Robert, "quoniam terra haec quam inhabitatis . . . numerositate vestra coangustatos . . . et vi sola alimenta suis cultoribus administrat," etc., p. 728E.
    • Baldric, p. 14F
    • Guibert, p. 138E
    • William, pp. 393, 394
  • 13
    "Quantis afflictationibus vos, qui adestis, qui redestis, injuriaverint," etc., P. 14A.
  • 15
    "Via brevis est, labor permodicus est," p. 15D.
  • 1
    "Jamque a trecentis annis Hispania et Balearibus insulis subjugatis," p. 395.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Bk. 11., ch. 1.
    • Riant, Alexii Epistola, p. xxiv.