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Imperatives, Logic, and Moral Obligation
Robert G. Turnbull
Philosophy of Science
Vol. 27, No. 4 (Oct., 1960), pp. 374-390
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/185239
Page Count: 17
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Morality, Imperative logic, Moral imperatives, Moral responsibility, Automobiles, Universality, Hypothetical imperative, Logic, Ethical codes, Normativity
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It is claimed that 'Do x!' means 'Then you will do x'. Answering a "Why?" question concerning the former may take either of two forms, viz., 'Because --' or 'If you wish to --'. The second answer completes the truncated hypothetical. "Ought" sentences are treated as a species of imperatives involving universality in the "if" clause ('If anyone wished to --'). Moral "ought" sentences involve a double universality, viz., the one mentioned above and universality connecting the action with social harmony (e.g., "If everyone were to do x, then there would be social harmony').
Philosophy of Science © 1960 The University of Chicago Press