The Unemployed in American Cities

Carlos C. Closson, Jr.
The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 8, No. 2 (Jan., 1894), pp. 168-217
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1883710
Page Count: 50
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The Unemployed in American Cities
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Notes and References

This item contains 214 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 2
    Boston Herald, December 17.
  • 3
    Ibid., December 21.
  • 4
    Globe, December 25.
  • 5
    Ibid.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Journal, December 27
    • Globe, December 24
  • 7
    Journal, December 27.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Mayor Matthews at conference of citizens December 18
    • Globe, December 19.
    • reports of meetings of aldermen December 18, and of common council December 21, etc.
  • 2
    Boston Transcript, December 22.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Boston Herald December 11
    • Lynn Item, December 12
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • First Report of Citizens' Committee, published in Boston Herald December 11.
    • Lynn Item, December 12
    • Boston Globe, December 4, 13, 16
    • Transcript, December 4.
  • 3
    Worcester Telegram, December 11.
  • 4
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 7
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 8
    Boston Post, December 15.
  • 9
    Boston Herald, December 16.
  • 10
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 11
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Brockton Enterprise, December 15
    • Boston Post, December 15.
  • 1
    Boston Herald, December 12.
  • 2
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Springfield Union, December 13
    • Boston Advertiser, December 14.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Waltham Tribune, December 11, 12
    • Boston Herald, December 13.
  • 5
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Haverhill Gazette, December 12
    • Boston Herald, December 14
    • Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 6
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 8
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 1
    Boston Herald, November 23.
  • 2
    Boston Transcript, December 2.
  • 3
    Boston Globe, December 8.
  • 4
    Boston Transcript, December 9.
  • 5
    Boston Herald, November 23.
  • 6
    Ibid.
  • 8
    Boston Herald, December 14.
  • 9
    Boston Globe, December 3.
  • 10
    The Boston Transcript of De- cember 19
  • 11
    Boston Globe, December 14.
  • 1
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 2
    Boston Transcript, December 19.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Boston Post, December 14
    • Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 7
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 8
    Ibid.
  • 11
    Boston Globe, December 16.
  • 2
    Boston Herald, November 23.
  • 3
    New York World, December 21.
  • 4
    Boston Traveller, December 22
  • 7
    New York Post, November 25.
  • 8
    New York Post, December 8.
  • 9
    Boston Globe, December 22.
  • 1
    Boston Globe, December 22.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • The Outlook, December 2
    • New York Home Journal, December 6.
  • 3
    Ibid.
  • 4
    New York World, December 10.
  • 5
    Ibid, December 22.
  • 7
    New York World, November 26.
  • 8
    Ibid., December 10.
  • 9
    Boston Journal, December 22.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • New York Tribune, November 26
    • Boston Transcript, December 4.
  • 2
    Ibid.
  • 4
    New York World, December 22.
  • 5
    New York Sun, November 29.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ibid.
    • Recorder, November 29.
  • 6
    Ibid.
  • 7
    Rochester Democrat, December 13.
  • 9
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Buffalo Enquirer, December 11
    • Boston Herald, December 11.
  • 10
    Ibid.
  • 11
    Ibid.
  • 3
    Syracuse Standard, December 9.
  • 5
    Watertown Times, November 29.
  • 6
    Albany Telegram, December 2.
  • 8
    Newark Advertiser, December 5.
  • 9
    Ibid.
  • 10
    Advertiser, December 5, 6.
  • 11
    Ibid., December 5.
  • 13
    Boston Herald, December 17.
  • 14
    Paterson Call, November 30.
  • 2
    Trenton Times, December 6, 7.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ibid., December 7
    • New York Times, December 13.
  • 5
    Boston Herald, December 14.
  • 7
    Ibid.
  • 5
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Pittsburg Post, November 2, December 6, 7
    • Leader, December 6
    • Dispatch, December 3, 13.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
  • 7
    Pittsburg Post, December 5.
  • 8
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Pittsburg Dispatch, December 13
    • Pittsburg Leader, December 6.
  • 9
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Pittsburg Dispatch, December 8
    • Gazette, December 13
    • Boston Post, De- cember 13
    • Boston Herald, December 13.
  • 10
    Pittsburg Dispatch, December 13.
  • 13
    Industrial World and Iron Worker, November 16.
  • 2
    McKeesport Herald, December 2.
  • 4
    Report of special committee of Board of Trade, October 17
  • 5
    Dispatch, November 29.
  • 8
    Wilkinsburg Independent, December 6.
  • 11
    Baltimore Charities Record, October, 1893.
  • 12
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Baltimore Herald, December 7
    • Sun, December 7
    • American, December 7.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Baltimore Herald, December 7
    • Sun, December 7
    • American, December 7.
  • 2
    Baltimore World, December 13.
  • 4
    Major Moore, in Washington Star, December 6.
  • 5
    Washington Star, November 30.
  • 6
    Ibid., December 6.
  • 7
    Report of Superintendent of Charities of District of Columbia, 1892, p. 44
  • 8
    Ibid., p. 46.
  • 9
    Washington Star, December 6.
  • 1
    Washington Post, December 1.
  • 2
    Ibid., December 12.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Washington Star, December 4
    • Post, December 9, 12.
  • 5
    Richmond Dispatch, December 5.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mayor's address, in Lynchburg News, December 8
    • Advance, December 1, 6.
  • 7
    This reference contains 2 citations:
  • 8
    Petersburg Index Appeal, December 2.
  • 9
    Ibid., December 5.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • New York Tribune, December 3
    • Boston Herald, November 23.
  • 3
    Ibid.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Reports of Evangelical Alliance Committee, October 23
    • Relief Committee, October 5
  • 7
    This reference contains 2 citations:
  • 8
    World, November 29, December 10.
  • 10
    Columbus Dispatch, November 28.
  • 11
    Ibid.
  • 12
    Toledo Blade, November 28, 29.
  • 1
    Cincinnati Commercial Gazette, November 28.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Alliance Leader, November 23
    • Youngstown Telegram, December 5, 7.
  • 3
    New York Times, December 9.
  • 5
    Akron Beacon, December 7.
  • 6
    Ironton Register, November 30.
  • 4
    Indianapolis Sentinel, November 29.
  • 8
    New York Tribune, November 28.
  • 9
    Terre Haute Express, November 30.
  • 10
    Vincennes Sun, December 9.
  • 12
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chicago Inter-Ocean, December 10
    • New York Tribune, December 9.
  • 3
    Ibid.
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Daily News, August 28, 29
    • Herald, September 2
    • Post, August 28
    • Tribune, August 31
    • Record, August 31
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chicago Tribune, August 31
    • Record, August 31.
  • 4
    Mayor Harrison's letter, published in Chicago News, August 29.
  • 5
    Ibid.
  • 1
    Report No. 1 of Executive Finance Committee to mayor, September 15.
  • 2
    Report No. 2, September 30.
  • 3
    Ibid.
  • 4
    Ibid.
  • 6
    Ibid.
  • 7
    Treasurer's report, in Chicago Post, December 4.
  • 8
    Report No. 2, September 30
  • 9
    Letter from chairman, November 14.
  • 10
    Chicago Post, December 6.
  • 11
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Daily News, August 29, September 6
    • Chicago Mail, September 1.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chicago Post, December 4
    • News, December 6.
  • 2
    Chicago Post, December 9.
  • 3
    Ibid., December 8, 9.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chicago Times, December 7
    • Record, December 11.
  • 6
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Colonel Rend, in Chicago Post, December 4
    • News, December 6
    • lBoston Journal and Boston Post, December 11, etc.
  • 7
    Chicago Times, December 10.
  • 8
    Boston Globe, December 14.
  • 9
    Chicago Herald, December 10.
  • 11
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Herald, December 10
    • Inter-Ocean, December 10.
  • 12
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Chicago Journal, December 11
    • Chicago Times, December 6
    • Inter-Ocean, December 10.
  • 13
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Inter-Ocean, December 11
    • Chicago Dispatch, December 8
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Inter-Ocean, December 11
    • Chicago Times, December 11.
  • 2
    Inter-Ocean, December 11.
  • 3
    Chicago Tribune, December 13.
  • 4
    Ibid.
  • 5
    Inter-Ocean, Herald, Record, November 30.
  • 6
    Chicago Mail, December 1.
  • 7
    Chicago Tribune, December 3.
  • 8
    Inter-Ocean, December 2.
  • 9
    Chicago Tribune, December 3.
  • 10
    Chicago Post, December 2.
  • 11
    Chicago Record, December 4.
  • 12
    Chicago Times, December 10.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chicago Times, December 10
    • Inter-Ocean December 10.
  • 2
    Ibid.
  • 3
    Boston Herald, December 14.
  • 4
    Illinois Conference of Charities, Chicago Post, December 10.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Quincy Whig, December 7
    • Chicago Record, December 11.
  • 4
    Danville News, December 4
  • 5
    Bloomington Pantagraph, December 1
  • 6
    Champaign Gazette, December 6.
  • 7
    Chicago Record, December 11
  • 10
    Quarterly Journal of Economics, by Mr. Philip A. Loeroch, secretary of the council of Trade and Labor Unions, December 18
  • 1
    Free Press, December 3.
  • 2
    Ibid
  • 3
    Ibid, November 30
  • 11
    Hon. J C Koch, Milwaukee Herald, November 11
  • 1
    Hon J. C Koch, Milwaukee Evening Wisconsin, November 27
  • 2
    Milwaukee Sentinel, December 4.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chicago Herald, December 2
    • Boston Herald, November 17
  • 5
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Detroit Free Press, December 5
    • Chicago Herald, December 2
    • Milwau- kee Journal, November 27
    • Sentinel, December 1
    • Detroit News, November 28.
  • 6
    Despatch to Boston Globe, December 22.
  • 9
    Janesville (Wis.) Gazette, December 5.
  • 11
    Quarterly Journal of Economics, by Mr. George D Holt, secretary of the Associated Charities.
  • 11
    St. Paul Globe, September 26
  • 13
    Pioneer Press, December 6.
  • 14
    Ibid., December 2, 6
  • 4
    Dr. Edwin Hawes, of the Charity Oiganization Society, in Louisville Courier Journal, November 30.
  • 5
    Ibid
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Courier Journal, December 6
    • Louisville Commercial, December 7
  • 7
    Lexington Transcript, December 9.
  • 8
    Ibid., December 6
  • 8
    Birmingham Age-Herald, December 5.
  • 10
    Birmingham Age-Herald, December 5.
  • 11
    Birmingham News, December 6.
  • 4
    St. Louis Republic, December 11.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Hon Charles Nagel, president of the city council, St. Louis Chronicle, No vember 14
    • Republic, November 25
  • 5
    Kansas City Times, December 1.
  • 7
    Ibid.
  • 9
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Minneapolis Tribune, December 2
    • Kansas City Times, Decem- ber 1.
  • 10
    Kansas City Times, December 1, Mr. Casey.
  • 2
    Ibid.
  • 5
    Sioux City Journal, November 30.
  • 8
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Boston Herald, December 10, 11
    • Globe, December 13.
  • 9
    Memphis Star, December 6
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
  • 2
    Boston Herald, December 3.
  • 1
    J. W. Brentlinger, in Coloiado Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin No 2 Effects of Demonettzatwon of Silver on the Industrzes of Colorado, July 1 to August 31.
  • 2
    Ibid.
  • 6
    Population (1890), 106,670
  • 4
    Bureau of Labor Statistics of Colorado, Bulletin No. 2, Effects of the Demone- tization of Stlver on the Industries of Colorado
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mayor Elbert, in interview In San Francisco Bulletin, November 11.
    • Examiner, November 11.
  • 3
    Despatch in Boston Journal, December 27.
  • 5
    Salem Herald, December 8.
  • 2
    Industrial World and Iron Worker and Manufacturers' Gazette, September—November.