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The Metaphoric Origins of Objectivity, Subjectivity, and Consciousness in the Direct Perception of Reality

Stanley A. Mulaik
Philosophy of Science
Vol. 62, No. 2 (Jun., 1995), pp. 283-303
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/188435
Page Count: 21
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Abstract

This paper utilizes the theories of metaphor of George Lakoff, Mark Johnson and Julian Jaynes to extend Jaynes' metaphor theory of consciousness by treating consciousness as an operator that works with 'covert behavior' so that humans can integrate temporally discontinuous percepts with concepts based on metaphoric extensions of the embodied schemas of direct and immediate perception and thereby transcend the limitations of direct perception. A theory of first-person expressions and covert behavior to account for self-conscious awareness as language-based is advanced. Subjectivity and objectivity are metaphors based on schemas of perception.

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