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Subjective Probability and Expected Utility without Additivity
Vol. 57, No. 3 (May, 1989), pp. 571-587
Published by: The Econometric Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1911053
Page Count: 17
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Betting, Expected utility, Lotteries, Mathematical monotonicity, Mathematical functions, Axioms, Cinerary urns, Economic uncertainty, Economic theory, Linear transformations
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An act maps states of nature to outcomes; deterministic outcomes as well as random outcomes are included. Two acts f and g are comonotonic, by definition, if it never happens that f(s)>f(t) and g(t)>g(s) for some states of nature s and t. An axiom of comonotonic independence is introduced here. It weakens the von Neumann-Morgenstern axiom of independence as follows: If f>g and if f, g, and h are comonotonic, then @af+(1-@a)h>@ag+(1-@a)h. If a nondegenerate, cOntinuous, and monotonic (state independent) weak order over acts satisfies comonotonic independence, then it induces a unique non-(necessarily-)additive probability and a von Neumann-Morgenstern utility. Furthermore, one can compute the expected utility of an act with respect to the nonadditive probability, using the Choquet integral. This extension of the expected utility theory covers situations, as the Ellsbergparadox, which are inconsistent with additive expected utility. The concept of uncertainty aversion and interpretation of comonotonic independence in the context of social welfare functions are included.
Econometrica © 1989 The Econometric Society