You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:


Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Pattern in Vegetation and Its Causality

Kenneth A. Kershaw
Vol. 44, No. 2 (Apr., 1963), pp. 377-388
Published by: Wiley
DOI: 10.2307/1932185
Stable URL:
Page Count: 12
  • Download PDF
  • Add to My Lists
  • Cite this Item
Pattern in Vegetation and Its Causality
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.

Notes and References

This item contains 54 references.

Literature Cited
  • Agnew, A. D. Q. 1961. The ecology of Juncus effusus L. in North Wales. J. Ecology49:83-102.
  • Anderson, D. J. 1961a. The structure of some upland plant communities in Caernarvonshire I. The pattern shown by Pteridium aquilinum.. J. Ecology49:369-377.
  • .1961b. The structure of some upland plant com- munities in Caernarvonshire. II. The pattern shown by Vaccinium myrtillus and Calluna vulgaris. J. Ecol- ogy49:731-738.
  • Archibald, E. E. A. 1948. Plant populations. I. A new application of Neyman's contagious distribution. Ann. Bot.12:221-35.
  • —1950. Plant populations. II. The estimation of the number of individuals per unit area of species in heterogeneous plant populations. Ann. Bot.14:7-21.
  • Ashby, E. 1948. Statistical ecology. A reassessment. Bot. Rev.14:222-34.
  • Barnes, H., and F. A. Stanbury. 1951. A statistical study of plant distribution during the colonization and early development of vegetation on china clay residues. J. Ecology39:171-181.
  • Billings, W. D., and A. F. Mark 1961. Interactions be- tween alpine tundra vegetation and patterned ground in the mountains of southern New Zealand. Ecology 42:18-31.
  • Billings, W. D., and H. A. Mooney. 1959. An apparent frost hummock-sorted polygon cycle in the alpine tundra of Wyoming. J. Ecology40:16-20.
  • Blackman, G. E. 1935. A study by statistical methods of the distribution of species in grassland associa- tions. Ann. Bot.49:749-778.
  • Caldwell, P. A. 1957. The spatial development of Spartina colonies growing without competition. Ann. Bot.21:203-216.
  • Chadwick, M. J. 1960. Nardus stricta, a weed of hill grazings. The biology of weeds. Blackwell Sci. Pub., Oxford. p. 246.
  • Cooper, C. F. 1960. Changes in vegetation, structure, and growth of southwestern pine forests since white settlement. Ecol. Monographs30:129-164.
  • .1961. Pattern in ponderosa pine forests. Ecol- ogy42:493-499.
  • Gleason, H. A. 1920. Some applications of the quadrat method. Bull. Torrey Botan. Club47:21-33.
  • Goodall, D. W. 1952. Quantitative aspects of plant distribution. Biol. Rev.27:194-245.
  • - —1954. Vegetational classification and vegeta- tional continua. Angew. Pflanz. Soz.1:168-182.
  • Greig-Smith, P. 1952a. The use of random and con- tiguous quadrats in the study of the structure of plant communities. Ann. Bot.16: 293-316.
  • —1952b. Ecological observations on degraded and secondary forest in Trinidad. British West Indies, II. Structure of the communities. J. Ecology 40:316-330.
  • —1957. Quantitative plant ecology. London. 198 p.
  • —1961a. Data on pattern within plant communi- ties. II. Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link. J. Ecology 702.
  • —1961b. Data on pattern within plant communi- ties. II. Ammophila arenaria (L) Link. J. Ecology 49:703-708.
  • Harper, J. L. 1960. The biology of weeds. Blackwell Sci. Pub. Oxford. p. 119.
  • Kershaw, K. A. 1957. The use of cover and frequency in the detection of pattern in plant communities. Ecology38:291-99.
  • .1958. An investigation of the structure of a grassland community I. The pattern of Agrostis tennis. J. Ecology46:571-92.
  • .1959. An investigation of the structure of a grass- land community II. The pattern of Dactylis glomerata, Lolium. perenne and Trifolium repens. III. Discussion and conclusions. J. Ecology47:31-53.
  • .1960a. The detection of pattern and association. J. Ecology48:233-242.
  • .1960b. Cyclic and pattern phenomena as ex- hibited by Aichemilla alpina. J. Ecology48:443-453.
  • .1962a. Quantitative ecological studies from Landmannahellir, Iceland. I. Eriophorum angustifolium. J. Ecology50:163-170.
  • .1962b. Quantitative ecological studies from Landmannahellir, Iceland. II. The rhizome behaviour of Carex bigelowii and Calamagrostis neglect. J. Ecology50: 171-179.
  • .1962c. Quantitative ecological studies from Landmannahellir, Iceland. III. The variation of per- formance of Carex bigelowii. J. Ecology50:393-399.
  • Kershaw, K. A., and J. H. Tallis. 1958. Pattern in a high-level Juncus squarrosus community. J. Ecology 46:739-48.
  • Martin, P., and B. Rademacher. 1960. The biology of weeds. Blackwell Sci. Pub. Oxford. p. 143.
  • Moore, P. G. 1953. A test for non-randomness in plant populations. Ann. Bot.17:57-62.
  • Nicholson, I. A., and R. A. Robertson. 1958. Some observations on the ecology of an upland grazing in north-east Scotland with particular reference to Callunetum. J. Ecology46:239-70.
  • Osvald, H. 1947. Vixternas vapen i kampen om utrymmet. Växtodling2:288-303.
  • Ovington, J. D. 1953. A study of invasion by Holcws mollis L. J. Ecology41:35-52.
  • Pénzes, A. 1958. A survival of stoloniferous plant colonies (polycormons) of a relict character. Bió- logia-Sav.13:253-264.
  • —1960. tber die Morphologie, Dynamik und zdnologische Volle der Sprosskolonien-bildenden Pflanzen (Polycarmone). GeobotanikaVI:501-515.
  • Phillips, M. E. 1954. Studies in the quantitative mor- phology and ecology of Eriophoruin angustifolium Roth. II. Competition and dispersion. J. Ecology42:187- 210.
  • Pielou, E. C. 1959. The use of point-to-point distances in the study of the pattern of plant populations. J. Ecology47:607-613.
  • .1960. A single mechanism to account for regu- lar, random and aggregated populations. J. Ecology 48:575-584.
  • Robinson, P. 1954. The distribution of plant popula- tions. Ann. Bot.18:34-54.
  • Skellam, J. G. 1952. Studies in statistical ecology. I. Spatial pattern. Biometrika39:346-362.
  • Snaydon, R. W. 1962. Micro-distribution of Trifolium repens and its relation to soil factors. J. Ecology 50:133-143.
  • Svedburg, T. 1922. Ett bidrag till de statistiska meto- dernas anvandunig inom vaixt-biologien. Svensk bot. Tidskr.16:1-8.
  • Vasilevich, V. I. 1961. Association between species and the structure of a phytocoenosis. Doklady, Akad. Nank SSSR139:1001-1004.
  • Warren Wilson, J. 1952. Vegetational patterns asso- ciated with soil movement on Jan Mayen Island. J. Ecology40:249-264.
  • Watt, A. S. 1947a. Pattern and process in the plant community. J. Ecology35:1-22.
  • .1947b. Contributions to the ecology of bracken. IV. The structure of the community. New Phytol. 46:97-121.
  • .1955. Bracken versus heather, a study in plant sociology. J. Ecology43:490-506.
  • Welbank, P. J. 1960. The biology of weeds. Blackwell Sci. Pub. Oxford. p. 158.
  • Whitford, P. B. 1949. Distribution of woodland plants in relation to succession and growth. Ecology30: 199-208.
  • Whittaker, R. H. 1953. A consideration of climax theory: the climax as a population and pattern. Ecol. Monographs23:41-78.