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A Swedish Road to Socialism: Ernst Wigforss and the Ideological Foundations of Swedish Social Democracy

Timothy A. Tilton
The American Political Science Review
Vol. 73, No. 2 (Jun., 1979), pp. 505-520
DOI: 10.2307/1954894
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1954894
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
A Swedish Road to Socialism: Ernst Wigforss and the Ideological Foundations of Swedish Social Democracy
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Abstract

The reputation of Ernst Wigforss (1881-1977), the foremost ideologist of Swedish Social Democracy, has suffered from the lack of a coherent treatment of his work in English. This article briefly surveys Wigforss' historical contributions to Swedish Social Democracy. Then it examines the structure of Wigforss' thought, analyzing first the conceptions of equality. liberty, democracy, security, economic efficiency, and solidarity that serve for Wigforss as the aims of Social Democracy. Then it considers the reformist measures Wigforss espoused to achieve these aims--social welfare policy, progressive taxation, economic planning, industrial democracy, and socialization of industry. It concludes with an assessment of Wigforss' importance as a Social Democratic theorist and suggests the relevance of his ideas to American politics and social science.

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