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Closeness, Expenditures, and Turnout in the 1982 U.S. House Elections
Gary W. Cox and Michael C. Munger
The American Political Science Review
Vol. 83, No. 1 (Mar., 1989), pp. 217-231
Published by: American Political Science Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1956441
Page Count: 15
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Students of elections have repeatedly found that the closeness of an election is modestly correlated with turnout. This may be due to a direct response of instrumentally motivated voters, but recent theoretical work casts doubt on the adequacy of this explanation. Another possibility is that elite actors respond to closeness with greater effort at mobilization. We explore the latter possibility by using FEC and state data on campaign expenditures in House, Senate, and Gubernatorial races. Our results indicate that closeness has an effect at both the mass and elite levels. We also provide quantitative estimates of the effect of Senate and gubernatorial expenditure on House turnout.
The American Political Science Review © 1989 American Political Science Association