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Oral Rehydration Therapy: An Assessment of Mortality Effects in Rural Egypt

Belgin Tekce
Studies in Family Planning
Vol. 13, No. 11 (Nov., 1982), pp. 315-327
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1965803
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1965803
Page Count: 13
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Oral Rehydration Therapy: An Assessment of Mortality Effects in Rural Egypt
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Abstract

This study assesses the mortality impact of a diarrheal disease control program implemented in a delta governorate of Egypt (Menoufia). The program used a single-visit household education and distribution system backed by community-based resupply to promote oral rehydration therapy among rural mothers for management of childhood diarrhea. A sample of 12 villages was selected, one-half for treatment and one-half for control, to monitor child deaths and their cause distribution in the year following treatment. The study results showed that the program failed to lower diarrheal death rates among children under age five living in treatment villages (23.5 per thousand) as compared to those in control villages (21.1 per thousand). The intervention strategy was found to be ineffective in altering the customary way in which mothers and health professionals treat childhood diarrhea.

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