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New Rice Technology, Intrarural Migration, and Institutional Innovation in the Philippines

Masao Kikuchi and Yujiro Hayami
Population and Development Review
Vol. 9, No. 2 (Jun., 1983), pp. 247-257
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1973051
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973051
Page Count: 11
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New Rice Technology, Intrarural Migration, and Institutional Innovation in the Philippines
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Abstract

The introduction of new rice technology in the irrigated lowland areas of the Province of Laguna has induced labor migration from non-irrigated upland areas. Labor migration to the lowland areas has been associated with a major change in labor contracts for rice harvesting and weeding. Under the new arrangement, laborers who perform free weeding are given exclusive rights to participate in harvesting and to receive a certain share of harvested output. This system reduces risk associated with employment and income for migrant laborers and enables farmers to substitute hired labor for family labor. It is analyzed as an instance of institutional innovation for the purpose of reducing disequilibria created by new technology.

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