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Induced Abortion and Fertility: A Quarter Century of Experience in Eastern Europe

Tomas Frejka
Population and Development Review
Vol. 9, No. 3 (Sep., 1983), pp. 494-520
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1973320
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973320
Page Count: 27
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Induced Abortion and Fertility: A Quarter Century of Experience in Eastern Europe
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Abstract

During the past quarter century, countries of Eastern Europe had a higher incidence of induced abortion than any other region of the world. Induced abortion was important as a fertility inhibiting factor, although its role as a proximate determinant of fertility was less than that of contraception or marriage patterns. The introduction of liberalized abortion legislation invariably led to an increase in the incidence of induced abortion, to a relaxation in contraceptive practice, and to reliance on induced abortion as a backup to contraceptive failure. In the short run, the liberal abortion legislation facilitated and expedited Eastern European fertility declines, while restrictive measures usually generated some fertility increase.

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