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Long-Term Fluctuations in Climate and Population in the Preindustrial Era

Patrick R. Galloway
Population and Development Review
Vol. 12, No. 1 (Mar., 1986), pp. 1-24
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1973349
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973349
Page Count: 24
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Long-Term Fluctuations in Climate and Population in the Preindustrial Era
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Abstract

Advances in climatological history have yielded new evidence to support the view that climate has been an important influence on long-run demographic fluctuations. A model is proposed in which long-term changes in climate affect population growth directly through the effect of variations in temperature on vital rates and indirectly through its effect on food supply. The model is tested using data from western Europe, China, and middle latitude marginal areas. Over the long term, periods of cooling appear to be strongly associated with periods of depressed population growth.

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