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Bucharest, Mexico City, and Beyond

Paul Demeny
Population and Development Review
Vol. 11, No. 1 (Mar., 1985), pp. 99-106
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1973380
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973380
Page Count: 8
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Bucharest, Mexico City, and Beyond
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Abstract

Although the World Population Conference held at Bucharest in 1974 resulted in a Plan of Action endorsed by all participants, subsequent actions of governments were often at variance with the language of the Plan. Some of the population policies pursued in India and China post-Bucharest illustrate this proposition. While in its "Recommendations" the 1984 International Conference on Population in Mexico City reaffirmed and further developed the policy approaches adopted in the Bucharest Plan, these Recommendations, too, are likely to prove poor predictors of future government actions. Two reasons that suggest this conclusion are discussed in this note. First, the Recommendations reflect an inflated view of what governments, already overextended in their program commitments, are capable of accomplishing. Secondly, the Conference failed to provide realistic guidelines that would help to resolve the conflict at the heart of the population problem: the conflict between individual and collective interests.

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