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Is the KAP-Gap Real?

Charles F. Westoff
Population and Development Review
Vol. 14, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 225-232
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1973570
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973570
Page Count: 8
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Is the KAP-Gap Real?
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Abstract

Evidence from four Demographic and Health Surveys suggests that the KAP-gap--defined as currently married women who either want no more children or want to postpone the next birth, who are not intending to use contraception, and who are immediately exposed to the risk of pregnancy--is negligible. The reasons for nonuse among this small minority cover a range of considerations, including lack of contraceptive availability, health concerns, partner disapproval, and cost. The significance of the finding of a very small KAP-gap is not the absence of an unmet need for family planning services, but rather that the difficult problems of motivation, religious and other objections to contraceptive use, fatalism, and health concerns are not the serious problems that may have been presumed and that the basic supply problem of contraceptive availability has been successfully met.

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