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Immigration Policy and Immigrants' Ages

W. Brian Arthur and Thomas J. Espenshade
Population and Development Review
Vol. 14, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 315-326
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/1973574
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973574
Page Count: 12
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Immigration Policy and Immigrants' Ages
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Abstract

The age distribution of immigrants at admission is a crucial determinant of a country's population size and age composition. If fertility persists at some level below replacement, a constant flow of permanent immigrants will produce a stationary population, perhaps even a sizable one, over a period of several hundred years. Because remaining years of life expectancy and number of daughters remaining to be born to women decrease over the course of childbearing years, increasing immigrants' ages at admission will typically reduce the size of the ultimate stable population. To the degree that it is deemed desirable to use immigration to increase or decrease population size, policymakers could take fuller account of immigrants' ages by incorporating age as an explicit criterion for entry.

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