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Five Evaluation Frameworks: Implications for Decision Making in Higher Education

Don E. Gardner
The Journal of Higher Education
Vol. 48, No. 5 (Sep. - Oct., 1977), pp. 571-593
DOI: 10.2307/1981598
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1981598
Page Count: 23
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Five Evaluation Frameworks: Implications for Decision Making in Higher Education
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Abstract

The author identifies a need for greater understanding of alternative evaluation approaches available in higher education. Five basic definitions of evaluation are identified: (1) evaluation as measurement, (2) evaluation as professional judgment, (3) evaluation as the assessment of congruence between performance and objectives (or standards of performance), (4) decision-oriented evaluation, and (5) goal-free/responsive evaluation. Their basic assumptions, distinguishing characteristics, principal advantages, and disadvantages are presented. Criteria for selecting an evaluation methodology appropriate to specific circumstances, are summarized in the concluding paragraphs.

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