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Endogenous Fertility, Mortality and Growth

Keith Blackburn and Giam Pietro Cipriani
Journal of Population Economics
Vol. 11, No. 4 (Dec., 1998), pp. 517-534
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20007602
Page Count: 18
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Endogenous Fertility, Mortality and Growth
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Abstract

Economic and demographic outcomes are determined jointly in a choice-theoretic model of fertility, mortality and capital accumulation. There is an endogenous population of reproductive agents who belong to dynastic families of overlapping generations connected through altruism. In addition to choosing savings and births, parents may reduce (infant) deaths by incurring expenditures on health-care which is also provided by the government. A generalised production technology accounts for long-run endogenous growth with short-run transitional dynamics. The analysis yields testable time series and cross-section implications which accord with the empirical evidence on the relationship between demography and development.

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