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Pantheism and Current Ontology

Eric Steinhart
Religious Studies
Vol. 40, No. 1 (Mar., 2004), pp. 63-80
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20008510
Page Count: 18
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Pantheism and Current Ontology
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Abstract

Pantheism claims: (1) there exists an all-inclusive unity; and (2) that unity is divine. I review three current and scientifically viable ontologies to see how pantheism can be developed in each. They are: (1) materialism; (2) Platonism; and (3) class-theoretic Pythagoreanism. I show how each ontology has an all-inclusive unity. I check the degree to which that unity is: eternal, infinite, complex, necessary, plentiful, self-representative, holy. I show how each ontology solves the problem of evil (its theodicy) and provides for salvation (its soteriology). I conclude that Platonism and Pythagoreanism have the most divine all-inclusive unities. They support sophisticated contemporary pantheisms.

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