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Tropical Seasonal Forests in Monsoon Asia: With Emphasis on Continental Southeast Asia

Niwat Ruangpanit
Vegetatio
Vol. 121, No. 1/2, Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems in Monsoon Asia (Dec., 1995), pp. 31-40
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20048603
Page Count: 10
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Tropical Seasonal Forests in Monsoon Asia: With Emphasis on Continental Southeast Asia
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Abstract

This paper is intended to provide a brief review of the tropical seasonal forest, one type of the tropical moist forests in monsoon Asia. It will also focus on and summarise issues of current concern in relation to their depletion and global environmental issues. Tropical moist forests occur in the rainy tropical and monsoon tropical climate types. The tropical moist evergreen forest or the tropical rain forest, which account for two-thirds of the tropical moist forests are rich in biodiversity and contain valuable tropical hardwood. The tropical moist deciduous forest or the tropical seasonal forest which lie along the fringes of tropical rain forest, are less complex than the tropical rain forest and have more distinct wet and dry periods. Broadleaved deciduous trees of the genera Tectona, Shorea, and Dipterocarpus are predominantly in this forest type. Currently estimates have found that more than 17 million hectares of forest mainly tropical moist forests are being lost each year. There is a widespread recognition that agriculture and the burning of tropical moist forests contribute to global warming but to a much lesser extent than the combustion of fossil fuels and industrial activities in the developed world.

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