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Nanomechanical Basis of Selective Gating by the Nuclear Pore Complex

Roderick Y. H. Lim, Birthe Fahrenkrog, Joachim Köser, Kyrill Schwarz-Herion, Jie Deng and Ueli Aebi
Science
New Series, Vol. 318, No. 5850 (Oct. 26, 2007), pp. 640-643
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20051458
Page Count: 4
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Nanomechanical Basis of Selective Gating by the Nuclear Pore Complex
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Abstract

The nuclear pore complex regulates cargo transport between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. We set out to correlate the governing biochemical interactions to the nanoscopic responses of the phenylalanineglycine (FG)--rich nucleoporin domains, which are involved in attenuating or promoting cargo translocation. We found that binding interactions with the transport receptor karyopherin-β1 caused the FG domains of the human nucleoporin Nup153 to collapse into compact molecular conformations. This effect was reversed by the action of Ran guanosine triphosphate, which returned the FG domains into a polymer brush-like, entropic barrier conformation. Similar effects were observed in Xenopus oocyte nuclei in situ. Thus, the reversible collapse of the FG domains may play an important role in regulating nucleocytoplasmic transport.

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