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The Nuclear-Encoded Factor HCF173 Is Involved in the Initiation of Translation of the psbA mRNA in Arabidopsis thaliana
Kerstin Schult, Karin Meierhoff, Susanne Paradies, Thomas Töller, Petra Wolff and Peter Westhoff
The Plant Cell
Vol. 19, No. 4 (Apr., 2007), pp. 1329-1346
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20077018
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Chloroplasts, Messenger RNA, RNA, Proteins, Plants, Plant cells, Gels, Polyribosomes, Amino acids, Complementary DNA
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To gain insight into the biogenesis of photosystem II (PSII) and to identify auxiliary factors required for this process, we characterized the mutant hcf173 of Arabidopsis thaliana. The mutant shows a high chlorophyll fluorescence phenotype (hcf) and is severely affected in the accumulation of PSII subunits. In vivo labeling experiments revealed a drastically decreased synthesis of the reaction center protein D1. Polysome association experiments suggest that this is primarily caused by reduced translation initiation of the corresponding psbA mRNA. Comparison of mRNA steady state levels indicated that the psbA mRNA is significantly reduced in hcf173. Furthermore, the determination of the psbA mRNA half-life revealed an impaired RNA stability. The HCF173 gene was identified by map-based cloning, and its identity was confirmed by complementation of the hcf phenotype. HCF173 encodes a protein with weak similarities to the superfamily of the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases. The protein HCF173 is localized in the chloroplast, where it is mainly associated with the membrane system and is part of a higher molecular weight complex. Affinity chromatography of an HCF173 fusion protein uncovered the psbA mRNA as a component of this complex.
The Plant Cell © 2007 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)