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Intergenerational Earnings Mobility in France: Is France More Mobile than the US?

Arnaud Lefranc and Alain Trannoy
Annales d'Économie et de Statistique
No. 78 (Apr. - Jun., 2005), pp. 57-77
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20079128
Page Count: 21
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Intergenerational Earnings Mobility in France: Is France More Mobile than the US?
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Abstract

This paper examines the extent and evolution of intergenerational earnings mobility in France. We use data from five waves of the French Education-Training-Employment (FQP) surveys covering the period 1964 to 1993. Our estimation procedure follows Björklund and Jäntti (1997)'s two-sample instrumental variable method. On our samples, the elasticity of son's (respectively daughter's) long-run income with respect to father's long run income is around .4 (resp. .3) with no significant change over the period under scrutiny. Comparing these estimates to results obtained from other studies suggests that intergenerational mobility is higher in France than in the United States and United Kingdom and lower than in Scandinavian countries. /// Cet article estime l'étendue de la mobilité intergénérationnelle de revenu en France, à partir des cinq vagues des enquêtes Formation-Qualification-Profession (FQP) disponibles sur la période 1964-1993. Nous utilisons la procédure d'estimation par variables instrumentales sur deux échantillons de Björkund et Jäntti (1997). L'élasticité estimée du revenu des fils (respectivement des filles) par rapport au revenu de leur père est de 0.4 (resp. 0.3). La mobilité intergénérationnelle de revenu s'avère plus forte en France qu'aux États-Unis et plus faible que dans les pays scandinaves.

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