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Bronchoscopic and Serologic Diagnosis of Aspergillus fumigatus Pulmonary Infection in a Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
Thomas H. Reidarson, James H. Harrell, Michael G. Rinaldi and Jim McBain
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Vol. 29, No. 4 (Dec., 1998), pp. 451-455
Published by: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20095799
Page Count: 5
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A 4-yr-old male bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) developed an Aspergillus fumigatus pneumonia. Fungal elements were identified by cytology and microbiology from endoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage and brushings of a raised yellow endobronchial lesion. The results of qualitative immunodiffusion serology, a technique that identifies specific circulating antibodies to Aspergillus fumigatus, were suggestive of an active infection. The dolphin was treated with itraconazole for over 2 yr, which resulted in remission of clinical signs. Pneumonia caused by Aspergillus sp. accounts for the large majority of pulmonary mycoses in marine mammals. Bronchoscopy facilitated an early definitive diagnosis, accurate treatment, and remission.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine © 1998 American Association of Zoo Veterinarians