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Stability in Deeply Divided Societies: Consociationalism versus Control

Ian Lustick
World Politics
Vol. 31, No. 3 (Apr., 1979), pp. 325-344
DOI: 10.2307/2009992
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2009992
Page Count: 20
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Stability in Deeply Divided Societies: Consociationalism versus Control
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Abstract

This paper examines the consociational approach to the study of deeply divided societies and notes its weaknesses. It argues that the absence of a well-developed alternative "control" approach to the explanation of stability in deeply divided societies has resulted in the empirical overextension of consociational models. Control models, focusing on how superordinate groups manipulate subordinate groups rather than on the emergence and functioning of elite cartels, need to be developed--not only for the study of stable, deeply divided societies in which consociational models are inappropriate, but also as a means of eliminating certain theoretical problems that have been raised as criticisms of consociationalism. The paper includes a critical review of the literature that is available to guide study of control in deeply divided societies, and concludes with recommendations for the shape of an analytical framework within systematic comparison.

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