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Expectations and Realities of Dutch Immigration to Palestine/Israel after the Shoah

Chaya Brasz
Jewish History
Vol. 8, No. 1/2, The Robert Cohen Memorial Volume (1994), pp. 323-338
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20101203
Page Count: 16
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Expectations and Realities of Dutch Immigration to Palestine/Israel after the Shoah
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Abstract

Before the Second World War 140,000 Jews were living in the Netherlands. After the war they numbered only 28,000. Most of the Jews who were active in reorganizing the Jewish community were Zionists. They founded a secular umbrella organization called the Joodse Coördinatie Commissie (JCC). Later the old structure in which the religious institutions representing the Jewish community was restored and the JCC folded. Zionists, however, maintained their strong representation in the post-war Jewish community and, together with the Jewish Brigade, created a strong Zionist atmosphere. Illegal immigration to Palestine took place in post-war years, especially in 1946. Many candidates for legal aliya were disappointed by a lack of available certificates and therefore stayed in the Netherlands or moved to other countries. In spite of a Zionist atmosphere, most Jewish emigrants from the Netherlands preferred countries like the United States or Canada. Even in 1949 the number of arrivals in Israel from the Netherlands totalled only 565. In 1992 the number of Jews of Dutch origin living in Israel was 7,500. The Jewish community in Holland is estimated at about 30,000, less than a third of whom identify themselves as Jewish. /// [Abstract in Hebrew].

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