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Self-Policing in a Targeted Enforcement Regime

Sarah L. Stafford
Southern Economic Journal
Vol. 74, No. 4 (Apr., 2008), pp. 934-951
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20112008
Page Count: 18
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Self-Policing in a Targeted Enforcement Regime
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Abstract

This paper adds to the debate over whether self-policing can increase environmental protection by considering an issue that has been ignored in previous models--that self-policing may influence future enforcement. The model combines self-policing with targeted enforcement and allows for both deliberate and inadvertent violations. As expected, rewarding self-policers with more lenient future enforcement increases auditing, remediation, and disclosure of inadvertent violations. Self-policing can also serve as a complement to deliberate compliance and can thus further increase environmental performance. However, under reasonable conditions, self-policing can be a substitute for deliberate compliance and could therefore be detrimental to environmental protection.

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