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Freedom, Causation, and the Consequence Argument

Laura Waddell Ekstrom
Synthese
Vol. 115, No. 3 (Jun., 1998), pp. 333-354
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20118060
Page Count: 22
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Freedom, Causation, and the Consequence Argument
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Abstract

The problem of analyzing causation and the problem of incompatibilism versus compatibilism are largely distinct. Yet, this paper will show that there are some theories of causation that a compatibilist should not endorse: namely, counterfactual theories, specifically the one developed by David Lewis and a newer, amended version of his account. Endorsing either of those accounts of causation undercuts the main compatibilist reply to a powerful argument for incompatibilism. Conversely, the argument of this paper has the following message for incompatibilists: you have reason to consider defending a counterfactual theory of causation.

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