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Post-Genomics, between Reduction and Emergence
Vol. 151, No. 3, New Perspectives on Reduction and Emergence in Physics, Biology and Psychology (Aug., 2006), pp. 355-360
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20118814
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Biology, Reductionism, Genes, Epigenetics, Genetics, Holism, Molecular biology, Pleiotropy, Ambition, Ambiguity
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It is frequently said that biology is emerging from a long phase of reductionism. It would be certainly more correct to say that biologists are abandoning a certain form of reductionism. We describe this past form, and the experiments which challenged the previous vision. To face the difficulties which were met, biologists use a series of concepts and metaphors - pleiotropy, tinkering, epigenetics - the ambiguity of which masks the difficulties, instead of solving them. In a similar way, the word "post-genomics" has different meanings, depending upon who uses it. Which of these meanings will become dominant in the future is an open question.
Synthese © 2006 Springer