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L'impact social de la caféiculture en Tanzanie du Nord

Catherine Baroin
Études rurales
No. 180, Cafés et caféiers: Singularités et universalité d'une production mondialisée (Jul. - Dec., 2007), pp. 85-100
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20122589
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
L'impact social de la caféiculture en Tanzanie du Nord
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Abstract

En Tanzanie du Nord, l'essor de la caféiculture a, en un siècle, eu un impact considérable sur les sociétés paysannes. En effet, cet essor a contribué à la modernisation de ces sociétés. Ce processus a associé l'enrichissement des caféiculteurs, la valorisation de l'éducation, l'implantation, plus ou moins rapide, du christianisme; il a vu naître de nouvelles élites et se politiser les "tribus" circonscrites par l'administration coloniale. L'ensemble de ces phénomènes a mené aux luttes pour l'indépendance. Les grands traits de cette histoire sociale sont retracés ainsi que ses différentes modalités qu'expliquent les spécificités de chacune des quatre ethnies considérées: les Haya, les Chaga, les Arusha et les Rwa, encore connus sous le nom de Meru. /// In northern Tanzania, coffee-production soared within a century and has had a major impact on peasant societies. This growth stimulated modernization, as coffee-producers became better off, more value was attached to education, and Christianity spread. As a result, new elites arose, and the "tribes" delimited by the colonial administration were politicized. All of this led to movements for independence. In this outline of a chapter in social history, the differences are pointed out that account for the specificity of each of the four ethnic groups under study: Haya, Chaga, Arusha and Rwa (still called Meru).

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