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L'implantation du PCF: Bastions ruraux, bastions urbains

Julian Mischi and Michel Streith
Études rurales
No. 171/172, Les "Petites russies" des campagnes françaises (Jul. - Dec., 2004), pp. 29-33
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20123054
Page Count: 5
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L'implantation du PCF: Bastions ruraux, bastions urbains
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Abstract

L'analyse des études consacrées aux résultats du PCF lors des scrutins législatifs de 1924 à 1997 permet de mettre en évidence la répartition géographique et l'évolution historique de l'audience électorale de l'organisation communiste en milieu rural et urbain. Il apparaît notamment que l'émergence des bastions ruraux sur les bordures septentrionales et occidentales du Massif central et sur le pourtour méditerranéen ne s'opère pas à la Libération ou pendant le Front populaire mais remonte à la création du parti, c'est-à-dire aux années vingt. Par ailleurs, à l'occasion du décline électoral du PCF, à partir de 1958 mais surtout à partir de 1981, les pertes d'influence les plus fortes s'enregistrent en milieu urbain. Le parti résiste mieux dans ses fiefs ruraux et, en particulier, dans les régions traditionnellement républicaines du Centre. /// Analyzing studies of the French Communist Party's results in legislative elections from 1924 to 1997 reveals the geographical distribution of the vote and historical trends in its voter base in both rural and urban areas. Rural strongholds along the Mediterranean and in northern and western parts of the Massif Central were not established during the Popular Front or Liberation; instead, they date back to the Party's creation in the 1920s. The Party's heaviest losses of influence in elections can be observed in urban areas as of 1958 and even more after 1981. The Party has held up better in its rural strongholds, especially in traditionally republican areas in Centre Region.

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