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Culture bourbonnaise, culture communiste (1920-1939)

Haksu Lee
Études rurales
No. 171/172, Les "Petites russies" des campagnes françaises (Jul. - Dec., 2004), pp. 147-157
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20123065
Page Count: 11
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Culture bourbonnaise, culture communiste (1920-1939)
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Abstract

On ne peut comprendre l'implantation et la fidélité au communisme des ruraux du département de l'Allier, terre de grandes propriétés, si l'on ne tient pas compte du travail qu'ont effectué les militants pour croiser culture bourbonnaise et culture communiste. Le génie du communisme bourbonnais est d'avoir insufflé une nouvelle dynamique à des sociabilités existantes mais déclinantes, par un recodage politique fondé sur une tradition laïque. Trois registres complémentaires serviront de point d'appui: les fêtes traditionnelles républicaines, une nouvelle offre culturelle à travers une politique d'éducation populaire et de loisirs, des réseaux associatifs. Ce sont eux qui, progressivement, vont façonner l'identité communiste bourbonnaise. /// We cannot understand how Communism took root in Allier (a department in France where large properties were common) or why rural-dwellers remained loyal to the Party if we overlook activists' efforts to create a mixture of a Bourbonnais and Communist "culture". Communism in the Bourbonnais area gave a new impetus to existing, but waning, patterns of sociability by politically "recoding" them in relation to a secular tradition. This analysis focuses on three complementary aspects: traditional republican celebrations; networks of organizations; and a cultural policy offering "popular education" and leisure activites. All three of them gradually gave shape to a Communist identity in the Bourbonnais area.

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