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L'imprimeur et son conseiller musical: Les stratégies éditoriales de Nicolas du Chemin (1549-1555)

Audrey Boucaut
Revue de Musicologie
T. 91, No. 1 (2005), pp. 5-26
DOI: 10.2307/20141596
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20141596
Page Count: 25
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L'imprimeur et son conseiller musical: Les stratégies éditoriales de Nicolas du Chemin (1549-1555)
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Abstract

This paper investigates the editorial policy displayed in the first chansonniers issued from the presses of Nicolas du Chemin. This printer, free from royal influence -- he was not an "Imprimeur du Roi" as were Pierre Attaingnant or Adrian le Roy and Robert Ballard --, was also ignorant in music. That is why he had to employ musical councillors. But what was their precise area of work? Did they only supervise the technical aspects of the edition, or perhaps more? We first investigate the collections of chansonniers proposed by the atelier: the "chansons nouvelles" as well as the "chansons anciennes / antiques" are continued by Goudimel after Regnes. But he gives the second collection a new orientation by unifying the volumes around one composer from the fifth book. Moreover, he introduces a new sort of chansonniers, entirely devoted to one personality, a composer or a poet. This new tendency precedes the innovations of the second half of the century. We then look at the material aspect of the chansonniers, and precisely at the collection of the "chansons nouvelles": its typography and decorated initials are particularly coherent -- in contrast to all contemporary production -- and they together reflect the new aesthetics visibly initiated by Goudimel. Finally, the content of the chansonniers reveal the same turn to a new age of thought and art, from the tenth book, precisely the one for which Goudimel begins his collaboration with Nicolas du Chemin. This proves that the participation of musical councillors was not only technical but also aesthetic. Under the cover of permanent collections proposed in order to develop customer loyalty, the councillors did imprint specific tendances on the books they supervised. In this way, we have seen that the chansonniers published by Nicolas du Chemin have evolved from an "Attaingnant aspect" into a humanist one, under the influence of Claude Goudimel.

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