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The Epipterygio-Riccietum frostii ass. nov.: Ecology and Life Strategies of an Ephemeral Bryophyte Community in Western Turkey

Harald Kürschner and Gerald Parolly
Lindbergia
Vol. 24, No. 2 (1999), pp. 84-92
Published by: Oikos Editorial Office
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20150009
Page Count: 9
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Abstract

Based on a phytosociological analysis, the terrestrial Epipterygio-Riccietum frostii, an ephemeral bryophyte community grouped within the Phascion cuspidati alliance (Barbuletalia/Barbuletea unguiculatae), is described for the first time from the Besparmak Dağlari (Aegean Turkey). The community represents the characteristic open bryophyte cover of the acid sandy stream and cutbanks along the numerous brooks and rivers left exposed after the winter floods. It consists of a great number of marchantioids which mostly occur as isolated, but conspicuous rosettes. From a life strategy perspective, the community consists mainly of mat- and short turf-forming annual shuttle species, short-lived shuttle species and vegetative colonists. The survival of the community is presumably achieved by very large spores, spore tetrads and asexual propagules which are present in the diaspore bank, allowing fast re-establishment of the community over fairly large areas with the beginning of the next year.

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