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The Antecedents, Consequences, and Mediating Role of Organizational Ambidexterity

Cristina B. Gibson and Julian Birkinshaw
The Academy of Management Journal
Vol. 47, No. 2 (Apr., 2004), pp. 209-226
Published by: Academy of Management
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20159573
Page Count: 18
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The Antecedents, Consequences, and Mediating Role of Organizational Ambidexterity
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Abstract

We investigated contextual organizational ambidexterity, defined as the capacity to simultaneously achieve alignment and adaptability at a business-unit level. Building on the leadership and organization context literatures, we argue that a context characterized by a combination of stretch, discipline, support, and trust facilitates contextual ambidexterity. Further, ambidexterity mediates the relationship between these contextual features and performance. Data collected from 4,195 individuals in 41 business units supported our hypotheses.

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