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Ǧadidism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: A View from Within

Edward J. Lazzerini
Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique
Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1975), pp. 245-277
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20169725
Page Count: 33
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Ǧadidism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: A View from Within
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Abstract

Ismail Bey Gasprinskii, one of the leaders of the movement for the reform and renovation of the Islamic way of life among Russian Muslims ("ǧadidism"), wrote an informative essay in 1901 that sought to survey the broad cultural advancement that had taken place in Russian Islam between 1880 and the turn of the twentieth century. The essay, translated here, provides an insider's view of the progress made and offers the historian a convenient and concise source for an understanding of what Gasprinskii, and by extension, other ǧadidists understood to be the weaknesses in the Muslim way of life that required remedy. The bibliography that Gasprinskii appended to his essay is of paramount importance in its own right as a listing of those works which, from the ǧadidist viewpoint, constituted a body of knowledge which should be imparted to the Muslim people as an aid to achieving further progress. Extensive notes and commentaries serve to increase the value of both the essay and the bibliography. /// Ismail Bey Gasprinskii, un des chefs du mouvement de réforme et de rénovation du mode de vie islamique des musulmans de Russie (ǧadidism) écrivit en 1901 un essai proposant de faire le bilan du vaste développement culturel que l'Islam russe a connu entre 1880 et le tournant du XXe siècle. Cet essai -- dont la traduction a été donnée ci-dessus -- retrace les progrès accomplis, vus de l'intérieur, et fournit à l'historien une source concise et appropriée pour comprendre ce que Gasprinskii, et en général les autres ǧadidists considéraient comme les faiblesses subsistantes du mode de vie islamique, faiblesses auxquelles il fallait porter remède. Énumération des œuvres qui, aux yeux des ǧadidists, constituaient un ensemble de connaissances à diffuser auprès du peuple musulman pour l'aider à accomplir de nouveaux progrès, la bibliographie jointe à cet essai par Gasprinskii est d'une importance capitale en elle-même. Des notes et des commentaires abondants augmentent tant la valeur de l'essai que celle de la bibliographie.

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