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Natural Occurrence of Crowing in a Free-Living Female Galliform, the California Quail

Jennifer M. Gee
The Wilson Journal of Ornithology
Vol. 118, No. 2 (Jun., 2006), pp. 256-259
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20455868
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Natural Occurrence of Crowing in a Free-Living Female Galliform, the California Quail
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Abstract

The vocalizations of galliform species are typically sexually dimorphic in that only the males crow. I observed crowing by a female California Quail (Callipepla californica), a galliform species that ranges along the Pacific coast of North America. I recorded the female crowing during a period of the breeding season when many other females were paired. The female's crow was similar in frequency to a typical male crow, though it was slightly shorter in duration. I discuss possible mechanisms and conditions that could result in female crowing.

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