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Journal Article

Archaeology, Palaeoecology, and ¹⁴C Dating of the Beaghmore Stone Circle Site

J. R. Pilcher
Ulster Journal of Archaeology
Third Series, Vol. 32 (1969), pp. 73-91
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20567642
Page Count: 33

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Topics: Pollen, Peat, Flint, Cairns, Radiocarbon, Radiocarbon dating, Stone circles, Ditches, Paleoecology, Excavations
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Archaeology, Palaeoecology, and ¹⁴C Dating of the Beaghmore Stone Circle Site
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Abstract

Recent excavations of the stone circles at Beaghmore, Co. Tyrone, Northern Ireland are described and illustrated. The site, covering almost 1½ acres, comprises 7 circles, 8 alignments and 15 cairns (12 of which are exposed). Very few artifacts were found, although Neolithic pottery was recorded in an earlier excavation. ¹⁴C dates for pre-construction charcoal of 1535 ± 55 B.C. (UB-11) and for post construction ditch fill of 775 ± 55 B.C. (UB-163) bracket the time of construction. ¹⁴C dated pollen diagrams from the ditch sediments, blanket peat and the nearby bog reveal a sequence of occupations starting at c. 3300 B.C. and extending to the present day. The earliest forest clearances have been examined in detail and some general conclusions about the nature of 'Landnam' clearances suggested. Details of the radiocarbon dating are given.

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