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Socioeconomic Determinants of White and Black Males' Life Expectancy Differentials, 1980

Lloyd B. Potter
Demography
Vol. 28, No. 2 (May, 1991), pp. 303-321
Published by: Springer on behalf of the Population Association of America
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2061282
Page Count: 19
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Socioeconomic Determinants of White and Black Males' Life Expectancy Differentials, 1980
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Abstract

Epidemiological transition theory suggests that two populations existing under disparate socioeconomic conditions would have different life expectancies as the result of cause-of-death differences. The effect of racial socioeconomic differentials on the total racial life expectancy differential are examined as they act through specific cause-of-death differentials. Results suggest that residential isolation of blacks has a strong effect on the total life expectancy differential as it acts through the racial homicide differential. The racial unemployment difference also has a strong effect on the total differential as it acts through the racial heart disease differential. Implications of the findings for reducing life expectancy differentials are discussed.

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