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Developmental Patterns in Anatomy Are Shared among Separate Evolutionary Origins of Stem Succulent and Storage Root-Bearing Growth Habits in Adenia (Passifloraceae)
David J. Hearn
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 96, No. 11 (Nov., 2009), pp. 1941-1956
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20621973
Page Count: 16
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Evolution, Parenchyma, Woody vines, Plants, Species, Plant roots, Succulent plants, Xylem, Phloem, Anatomy
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The architecture of flowering plants is astonishingly diverse. To understand evolutionary patterns and processes that account for this diversity, I investigated developmental anatomy of storage roots and stems of 58 species in the genus Adenia (Passifloraceae) using an explicit phylogenetic context. Because expanded storage roots and stem succulence evolved multiple times in Adenia, patterns of transition between succulent and nonsucculent forms were analyzed using a comparative test that accommodates phylogenetic uncertainty. I tested the innervation hypothesis, wherein I expected the evolution of vascular strands to be correlated with evolutionary increases in water storage tissue if evolution of vascular strands facilitates transport through water and starch storage structures. Not only is evolution of vascular strands in stems statistically coupled with evolutionary increases in parenchyma storage tissue, most lineages that evolved expanded storage roots also evolved vascular strands in these roots in parallel to succulent stems. I proposed that vascular strands and closely associated storage parenchyma found in both roots and shoots of Adenia comprise a homologous unit. A switch-like evolutionary mechanism that alters the spatial expression of this unit between roots and shoots can account, in large part, for transitions between markedly different habits such as storage-rooted herbs and succulent-stemmed shrubs.
American Journal of Botany © 2009 Botanical Society of America, Inc.