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LITTLE SPANISH FORT: AN EARLY MIDDLE WOODLAND ENCLOSURE IN THE LOWER YAZOO BASIN, MISSISSIPPI

H. Edwin Jackson
Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 23, No. 2 (Fall, 1998), pp. 199-220
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20708431
Page Count: 22
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LITTLE SPANISH FORT: AN EARLY MIDDLE WOODLAND ENCLOSURE IN THE LOWER YAZOO BASIN, MISSISSIPPI
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Abstract

The Little Spanish Fort site (22SH522) is one of three large, semicircular earthen enclosures located in the Lower Yazoo Basin, Mississippi. Although long assumed to be Middle Woodland constructions, fieldwork at the sites heretofore has been insufficient to provide documentation. The investigations at Little Spanish Fort in 1993, which are presented here, document periods of site use from Late Archaic through Mississippian times, with radiocarbon and artifactual data indicating enclosure construction early in the Middle Woodland Marksville period. Ceramic data reflect the transition from Early Woodland Tchefuncte to Marksville, apparently coinciding with the appearance of enclosure construction and use as an aspect of Lower Mississippi Valley ritual behavior.

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